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Internally Vigilant to save lives

Project Context



Geography and climate

Ethiopia is Africa's oldest independent country. It is the tenth largest country in Africa, covering 1,104,300 square kilometers (with 1 million sq km land area and 104,300 sq km water) and is the major constituent of the landmass known as the Horn of Africa. It is bordered on the north-northeast ... Read more

Government and administration

Under the 1994 constitution, Ethiopia is a Federal Democratic Republic with three branches of governance and administration. The executive branch includes the Prime Minister, Council of Ministers and Council of State. The legislative branch has a bicameral Parliament consisting of the House of ... Read more

Demographic situation

Projections from the 2007 population and housing census estimate a total population in 2010 of 79.8 million. Ethiopia is a mosaic of nationalities and peoples, varying in size from more than 18 million to less than 1000 and having more than 80 different spoken languages. According to the 2007 ... Read more


Socio-economic situation

The Government of Ethiopia follows a market–based and agriculturally led industrialization policy for the development and management of the economy. There have been a number of policy initiatives and measures taken in these directions, including privatization of state enterprises and the ... Read more

Educational status

The intimate linkage between health and education has been firmly established in a number of studies, which taken collectively, offer some ideas about how education and health could potentially reinforce each other towards the rapid socio-economic development of the country. Epidemiological and ... Read more

Health status

Despite major strides to improve the health of the population in the last one and half decades, Ethiopia's population still face a high rate of morbidity and mortality and the health status remains relatively poor. Vital health indicators from the DHS 2005 show a life expectancy of 54 years (53.4 ... Read more


Government health system

Following the change of government in 1991, the new Government of Ethiopia put in place many political and socio-economic transformation measures. Among these, it developed a first national health policy, which was followed by the formulation of four consecutive phases of comprehensive Health ... Read more

Health system organization

The recently implemented Business Process Reengineering (BPR) of the health sector has introduced a three-tier health care delivery system: level one is a Woreda/District health system comprised of a primary hospital (to cover 60,000- 100,000 people), health centers (1/15,000-25,000 population) and ... Read more